Irrigation sprinkler systems are a specific type of overhead irrigation system that is commonly used on farms, yards and even some golf courses. These systems can vary in size. Some are very complex, while others have enough power to water one homeowners yard. The objective here is to protect grass, plants and gardens from drought. Irrigation systems provide regular water (essential to any plants photosynthesis process) as well as cooling (important for temperature stability) and the suppression of dust.
Many irrigation sprinkler systems spray in a fixed pattern. These spray heads are designed to adhere to a pattern so as to prevent overlapping. Most of these patterned systems do not operate at pressures above 30psi because of the threat of misting. There are also high-pressure sprinklers, powered by impact sprinklers, and these move in a circular shape. There are also some types of sprinkler systems that are buried under the ground. These systems are industrially used and also used for agriculture.
Residential irrigation sprinkler systems also come in a great variety, with multiple levels of size and function. There are also sprinklers that oscillate or drip. The easiest way to connect a residential sprinkler system for irrigation purposes is to attach it to an outdoor faucet and bibb. While some residential systems are complex enough to require professional installation (if they connect to the plumbing) the majority are of the DIY variety.
Whats nice about residential irrigation sprinkler systems is that they can function on timers and automate the entire process. You can schedule water and cooling sessions and remain confident that they will continue to work even if you leave town. These systems also come with retractable heads that make the lawn look nicer and stay out of the way of lawn mowers. Modern sprinkler systems are non-invasive; you wont even know they are there! (Unless you get splashed)
These systems come with several parts when sold, including pipes, control equipment, and other plumbing pieces. The piping connects to the water source by fittings. The most interesting aspect of home irrigation sprinkler systems is the artificial intelligence factor. Todays systems can actually adjust the amount of watering automatically based on external conditions. For example, a home irrigation system can make adjustments for rainy days, runoff and evaporation. This prevents overwatering and under watering.
What about systems that utilize underground sprinkler technology? These systems are made possible through electronic and or hydraulic technology. When the device is activated the solenoid is magnetized and lifts a steel plunger near the center of the system. When this happens, the plunger allows air to escape the system from the center, and from a diaphragm on the top. The water flow now has higher pressure and lifts the diaphragm. The water escapes through piping and is eventually flushed out to the surface. Sprinklers on the surface usually operate by pattern and spray from anywhere from six to fifteen feet with full rotation. You can buy residential irrigation sprinkler systems from lawn and garden stores or look online for more information for industrial strength irrigation systems.